Leading Causes of Child Mortality

Ten (10) Leading Causes of Child Mortality
By Age-Group (1-4, 5-9, 10-14) & Sex
No. & Rate/100,000 population
Philippines, 2010

 

Cause

1-4 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

1,073

978

2,051

223.3

2. Diarrheas and gastoenteritis of presumed infectious origin

482

334

816

9.3

3. Congenital anomalies

409

388

797

9.1

4. Septicemia

251

231

482

5.5

5. Other diseases of the nervous system

246

212

458

5.2

6. Accidental drowning and submersion

296

159

455

5.2

7. Dengue Fever and Dengue- hemorrhagic fever

195

223

418

4.7

8. Chronic lower respiratory diseases

213

202

415

4.7

9. Meningitis

179

154

333

3.8

10. Leukemia

148

91

239

2.7

 

 

Cause

5-9 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

334

282

616

5.9

2. Dengue Fever and Dengue-hemorrhagic fever

211

328

539

5.2

3. Accidental drowning and submersion

299

159

458

4.4

4. Other diseases of nervous system

177

155

332

3.2

5. Transport accidents

198

107

305

2.9

6. Congenital anomalies

159

126

285

2.7

7. Leukemia

137

111

248

2.4

8. Meningitis

123

80

203

2.0

9. Septicemia

90

80

170

1.6

10. Diarrhoeas and gastroenteritis of presumed origin

87

77

164

1.6

 

 

 

Cause

10-14 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

233

195

428

4.4

2. Accidental drowning and submersion

212

140

352

3.6

3. Other diseases of nervous system

150

116

266

2.7

4. Transport accidents

172

77

249

2.5

5. Congetial anomalies

130

114

244

2.5

6. Dengue Fever and Dengue-hemorrhagic fever

111

102

213

2.2

7. Chronic rheumatic heart disease

86

106

192

2.0

8. Leukemia

94

82

176

1.8

9. Septicemia

92

78

170

1.7

10. Nephritis nephrotic syndrome and neph

95

67

162

1.7

 

 

 

Ten (10) Leading Causes of Child Mortality
By Age-Group (1-4, 5-9, 10-14) & Sex
No. & Rate/100,000 population
Philippines, 2009

Cause

1-4 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

1,139

979

2,118

23.43

2. Accidents

693

469

1,162

12.86

2. Diarrheas and gastoenteritis of presumed infectious origin

625

467

1,092

12.08

3.Congenital anomalies 

421

384

805

8.91

4. Septicemia

277

233

510

5.64

5. Ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality

293

184

477

5.28

6. Other diseases of the nervous system

246

191

437

4.83

7. Chronic lower respiratory diseases

200

230

430

4.76

8. Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever

142

199

341

3.77

9. Meningitis

192

147

339

3.75

10. Malignant neoplasms

156

124

280

3.10

 

 

Cause

5-9 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

776

435

1,211

11.39

2. Pneumonia

354

281

635

5.97

3. Malignant Neoplasms

165

218

383

3.60

4. Dengue fever and dengue hemmorhagic fever

210

154

364

3.42

5. Congenital anomalies

177

165

342

3.22

6. Other diseases of the nervous system

196

122

318

2.99

7. Diarrheas and Gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin

114

95

209

1.97

8. Meningitis

108

84

192

1.81

9. Septicemia

119

71

190

1.79

10. Diseases of the heart

103

71

174

1.64

 

 

Cause

10-14 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

797

353

1,150

11.02

2. Pneumonia

249

181

430

4.12

3. Malignant neoplasms

231

180

411

3.94

4. Diseases of the heart

191

180

371

3.56

5. Other diseases of the nervous system

152

112

264

2.53

6. Congenital anomalies

126

119

245

2.35

7. Tuberculosis,all forms

113

89

202

1.94

8. Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever

89

75

164

1.57

9. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis

85

72

157

1.50

10. Septicemia

83

70

153

1.47

 

 

Ten (10) Leading Causes of Child Mortality
By Age-Group (1-4, 5-9, 10-14) & Sex
No. & Rate/100,000 population
Philippines, 2008

Cause

1-4 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

1,031

938

1,969

22.21

2. Accidents

642

436

1,078

12.16

3. Diarrheas and gastoenteritis of presumed infectious origin

531

419

950

10.72

4. Congenital anomalies

431

380

811

9.15

5. Other diseases of the nervous system

222

188

410

4.62

6. Ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality

216

187

403

4.55

7. Septicemia

219

173

392

4.42

8. Chronic lower respiratory diseases

199

193

392

4.42

9. Malignant neoplasms

225

141

366

4.13

10. Meningitis

178

130

308

3.47

 

 

Cause

5-9 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

742

424

1,166

11.18

2. Pneumonia

272

279

551

5.28

3. Dengue fever and dengue hemmorhagic fever

162

185

347

3.33

4. Malignant neoplasms

194

134

328

3.14

5. Congenital anomalies

142

160

302

2.90

6. Other diseases of the nervous system

146

123

269

2.58

7. Diarrheas and Gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin

114

95

209

2.00

8. Septicemia

90

94

184

1.76

9. Meningitis

101

77

178

1.71

10. Ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality

91

80

171

1.64

 

 

Cause

10-14 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

771

420

1,191

11.64

2. Diseases of the heart

192

191

383

3.74

3. Pneumonia

198

180

378

3.69

4. Malignant neoplasms

211

152

363

3.55

5. Congenital anomalies

136

118

254

2.48

6. Other diseases of the nervous system

147

100

247

2.41

7. Ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality

110

60

170

1.66

8. Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever

85

79

164

1.60

9. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis 

88

73

161

1.57

10. Septicemia

90

69

159

1.55

 

 

 

Ten (10) Leading Causes of Child Mortality
By Age-Group (1-4, 5-9, 10-14) & Sex
No. & Rate/100,000 population
Philippines, 2007

Cause

1-4 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

991

843

1,834

21.57

2. Accidents

627

400

1,027

12.08

3. Diarrheas and gastoenteritis of presumed infectious origin

503

392

895

10.52

4. Congenital anomalies

366

349

715

8.41

5. Ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality

247

216

463

5.44

6. Other diseases of the nervous system

233

182

415

4.88

7. Malignant neoplasms

231

165

396

4.66

8. Chronic lower respiratory diseases

172

192

364

4.28

9. Septicemia

182

180

362

4.26

10. Dengue fever and dengue-hemorrhagic fever

108

174

282

3.32

 

 

Cause

5-9 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

739

409

1,148

10.81

2. Pneumonia

280

205

485

4.57

3. Dengue fever and dengue hemmorhagic fever

206

244

450

4.24

4. Malignant neoplasms

192

129

321

3.02

5. Other diseases of the nervous system

167

129

296

2.79

6. Congenital anomalies

159

109

268

2.52

7. Ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality

133

92

225

2.12

8. Diarrheas and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin

102

104

206

1.94

9. Meningitis

98

87

185

1.74

10. Diseases of the heart

102

74

176

1.66

 

 

Cause

10-14 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

718

318

1,036

10.16

2. Diseases of the heart

198

180

378

3.71

3. Malignant neoplasms

181

167

348

3.41

4. Pneumonia

194

141

335

3.28

5. Other diseases of the nervous system

145

117

262

2.57

6. Congenital anomalies

152

108

260

2.55

7. Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic feve

103

85

188

1.84

8. Ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality

110

74

184

1.80

9. TB all forms

99

67

166

1.63

10. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis

80

75

155

1.52

 

 

 

Ten (10) Leading Causes of Child Mortality
By Age-Group (1-4, 5-9, 10-14) & Sex
No. & Rate/100,000 population
Philippines, 2006

Cause

1-4 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

1,046

930

1,976

23.18

2. Accidents

752

514

1,266

14,85

3. Diarrheas and gastoenteritis of presumed infectious origin

592

446

1,038

12.18

4. Congenital anomalies

379

364

743

8.72

5. Ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality

324

260

584

6.85

6. Other diseases of the nervous system

236

179

415

4.87

7. Chronic lower respiratory diseases

185

226

411

4.82

8. Malignant neoplasms

223

175

398

4.67

9. Septicemia

200

164

364

4.27

10. Meningitis

166

143

309

3.63

 

 

Cause

5-9 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

967

574

1,541

15.37

2. Pneumonia

287

244

531

5.30

3. Malignant Neoplasms

218

141

359

3.58

4. Dengue fever and dengue hemmorhagic fever

153

196

349

3.48

5. Congenital anomalies

159

148

307

3.06

6. Other diseases of the nervous system

156

143

299

2.98

7. Ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality

163

107

270

2.69

8. Diarrheas and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin

141

97

238

2.37

9. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis

87

81

168

1.68

10. Meningitis

92

67

159

1.59

 

 

Cause

10-14 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

884

511

1,395

14.18

2. Malignant neoplasm

203

172

375

3.81

3. Pneumonia

202

162

364

3.70

4. Diseases of the heart

149

160

309

3.14

5. Other diseases of the nervous system

140

112

252

2.56

6. Ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality

148

104

2.52

2.56

7. Congenital anomalies

120

96

216

2.19

8. TB all forms

120

74

194

1.97

9. Diseases of the muscoskeletal system and connective tissue

88

63

151

1.53

10. Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever

70

61

131

1.33

 

 

 

Ten (10) Leading Causes of Child Mortality
By Age-Group (1-4, 5-9, 10-14) & Sex
No. & Rate/100,000 population
Philippines, 2005

Cause

1-4 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

       1,019

         928

      1,947

           23.3

2. Accidents

          639

         370

      1,009

         12.08

3. Diarrheas and gastoenteritis of presumed infectious origin

          541

         464

      1,005

         12.03

4. Congenital anomalies

          426

         387

         813

           9.73

5. Ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality

          256

         214

         470

           5.62

6. Other diseases of the nervous system

          215

         165

         380

           4.55

7. Meningitis

          176

         153

         329

           3.94

8. Chronic lower respiratory diseases

          144

         174

         318

           3.81

9. Other protein-calorie malnutrition

          168

         125

         293

           3.51

10. Septicemia

          175

         114

         289

           3.46

 

 

Cause

5-9 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

          754

          416

      1,170

        11.9

2. Pneumonia

          315

          249

         564

        5.74

3. Malignant Neoplasm

          202

          159

         361

        3.67

4. Dengue fever and dengue hemmorhagic fever

          127

          193

         320

        3.26

5. Congenital anomalies

          168

          150

         318

        3.23

6. Other diseases of the nervous system

          156

          106

         262

        2.67

7. Gastroentiritis of presumed infectious origin

          134

          114

         248

        2.52

8. Ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality

          139

            97

         230

        2.34

9. Meningitis

          117

            87

         204

        2.08

10. Septicemia

            73

            66

         139

        1.41

 

 

Cause

10-14 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

           760

          370

      1,130

     11.71

2. Malignant neoplasm

           208

          168

         376

         3.9

3. Diseases of the heart

           188

          156

         344

       3.57

4. Pneumonia

           148

          137

         285

       2.95

5. Congenital Anomalies

           136

          112

         248

       2.57

6. Tuberculosis, All Forms

           128

          107

         235

       2.44

7. Other diseases of the nervous system

           120

            97

         217

       2.25

8. Meningitis

             82

            67

         149

       1.54

9. Nephritis, nephritic syndrome and nephrosis

             78

            68

         146

       1.51

10. Septicemia

             83

            53

         136

       1.41

 

 

 

Ten (10) Leading Causes of Child Mortality
By Age-Group (1-4, 5-9, 10-14) & Sex
No. & Rate/100,000 population
Philippines, 2004

Cause

1-4 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

          922

         816

      1,738

         20.16

2. Accidents

          776

         462

      1,238

         14.36

3. Diarrheas and gastoenteritis of presumed infectious origin

          479

         325

         804

           9.33

4. Congenital anomalies

          356

         364

         720

           8.35

5. Ill-defined and unknown causes of mortality

          258

         187

         445

           5.16

6. Malignant Neoplasms

          232

         183

         415

           4.81

7. Meningitis

          197

         138

         335

           3.89

8. Other diseases of the nervous system

          172

         130

         302

           3.50

9. Chronic lower respiratory diseases

          143

         149

         292

           3.39

10. Septicemia

          139

         113

         252

           2.92

 

 

Cause

5-9 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

          884

          527

      1,411

      13.42

2. Pneumonia

          278

          241

         519

        4.94

3. Malignant neoplasms

          226

          171

         397

        3.78

4. Congenital anomalies

          143

          134

         277

        2.63

5. Dengue fever and dengue hemmorhagic fever

            97

          159

         256

        2.43

6. Other diseases of the nervous system

          137

            95

         232

        2.21

7. Ill-defined and unkown cases of mortality

          131

          100

         231

        2.20

8. Meningitis

          111

            82

         193

        1.84

9. Diarrhea and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin

            92

            76

         168

        1.60

10. Tuberculosis, all forms

            77

            60

         137

        1.30

 

 

Cause

10-14 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

           817

          395

      1,212

     12.46

2. Malignant neoplasms

           197

          146

         343

       3.53

3. Diseases of the heart

           177

          150

         327

       3.36

4. Pneumonia

           180

          140

         320

       3.29

5. Congenital Anomalies

           142

          120

         262

       2.69

6. Ill-defined and unknown cases of mortality

           142

          115

         257

       2.64

7. Other diseases of the nervous system

           137

            81

         218

       2.24

8. Tuberculosis, all forms

             98

            63

         161

       1.65

9. Meningitis

             81

            70

         151

       1.55

10. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis

             87

            62

         149

       1.53

 

 

 

Ten (10) Leading Causes of Child Mortality
By Age-Group (1-4, 5-9, 10-14) & Sex
No. & Rate/100,000 population
Philippines, 2003

Cause

1-4 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

       1,180

      1,077

      2,257

         29.47

2. Accidents

          744

         438

      1,182

         15.43

3. Measles

          449

         433

         882

         11.52

4. Diarrheas and gastroentiritis of presumed infectious origin

          459

         373

         832

         10.86

5. Congenital anomalies

          384

         388

         772

         10.08

6. Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified

          300

         208

         508

           6.63

7. Malignant neoplasms

          238

         152

         390

           5.09

8. Chronic lower respiratory diseases

          182

         201

         383

           5.00

9. Meningitis

          214

         155

         369

           4.82

10. Other diseases of the nervous system

          187

         133

         320

           4.18

 

 

Cause

5-9 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

          896

          506

      1,402

      14.89

2. Pneumonia

          312

          219

         531

        5.64

3. Malignant neoplasms

          182

          131

         313

        3.32

4. Congenital anomalies

          170

          139

         309

        3.28

5. Dengue fever and dengue hemmorhagic fever

          149

          133

         282

        2.99

6. Other diseases of the nervous system

          110

          161

         271

        2.88

7. Ill-defined and unkown cases of mortality

          153

            92

         245

        2.60

8. Meningitis

          140

            94

         234

        2.48

9. Diarrhea and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin

            80

            72

         152

        1.61

10. Tuberculosis, all forms

            80

            62

         142

        1.51

 

 

Cause

10-14 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

           782

          398

      1,180

     13.04

2. Malignant neoplasms

           205

          173

         378

       4.18

3. Diseases of the heart

           183

          167

         350

       3.87

4. Pneumonia

           171

          140

         311

       3.44

5. Congenital Anomalies

           115

          118

         233

       2.58

6. Symptoms, signs abd abnormal clinical and laboratory

           127

            95

         222

       2.45

7. Other diseases of the nervous system

           128

            94

         222

       2.45

8. Tuberculosis, all forms

             94

            82

         176

       1.95

9. Meningitis

             89

            65

         154

       1.70

10. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis

             59

            69

         128

       1.41

 

 

 

Ten (10) Leading Causes of Child Mortality
By Age-Group (1-4, 5-9, 10-14) & Sex
No. & Rate/100,000 population
Philippines, 2002

Cause

1-4 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

       1,366

      1,230

      2,596

         33.94

2. Diarrheas and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin

          619

         442

      1,061

         13.87

3. Measles

          481

         400

         881

         11.52

4. Congenital anomalies

          346

         350

         696

           9.10

5. Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical findings, not elsewhere classified

          325

         214

         539

           7.05

6. Accidental drowning and sumbersion

          339

         183

         522

           6.82

7. Meningitis

          229

         147

         376

           4.92

8. Other diseases of nervous system

          212

         162

         374

           4.89

9. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and allied conditions

          154

         168

         322

           4.21

10. Other protein-calorie malnutrition

          156

         144

         300

           3.92

 

 

Cause

5-9 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

          332

          282

         614

        6.54

2. Transport accidents

          282

          166

         448

        4.77

3. Accidental drowning and submersion

          248

          143

         391

        4.17

4. Congenital anomalies

          151

          167

         318

        3.39

5. Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical findings, not elsewhere classified

          134

            97

         231

        2.46

6. Meningitis

          130

          100

         230

        2.45

7. Leukemia

          128

            79

         207

        2.21

8. Other diseases of nervous system

          120

            85

         205

        2.18

9. Event of undetermined intent

          117

            58

         175

        1.86

10. Other accidents and late effects of transport and other accidents

          125

            46

         171

        1.82

 

 

Cause

10-14 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

           170

          186

         356

       3.99

2. Accidental drowning and submersion

           212

          128

         340

       3.81

3. Transport accidents

           204

            97

         301

       3.37

4. Chronic rheumatic heart disease

           108

          131

         239

       2.68

5. Leukemia

           117

            87

         204

       2.29

6. Congenital anomalies

             98

          101

         199

       2.23

7. Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical findings, not elsewhere classified

           123

            75

         198

       2.22

8. Other diseases of nervous system

           104

            85

         189

       2.12

9. Other accidents and late effects of transport and other accidents

           148

            37

         185

       2.07

10. Event of undetermined intent

           105

            60

         165

       1.85

 

 

 

Ten (10) Leading Causes of Child Mortality
By Age-Group (1-4, 5-9, 10-14) & Sex
No. & Rate/100,000 population
Philippines, 2001

Cause

1-4 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Pneumonia

       1,575

      1,380

      2,955

           38.7

2. Accident

          760

         514

      1,274

           16.7

3. Diarrhea

          698

         564

      1,262

           16.5

4. Measles

          550

         462

      1,012

           13.2

5. Congenital anomalies

          328

         338

         666

             8.7

6. Endocrine, Nutritional & Metabolic Diseases

          306

         277

         583

             7.6

7. Symptoms, signs & abnormal clinical & laboratory findings

          280

         239

         519

             6.8

8. Meningitis

          246

         171

         417

             5.5

9. Malignant Neoplasm

          219

         167

         386

             5.1

10. Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases

          171

         175

         346

             4.5

 

 

Cause

5-9 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

          985

          504

      1,489

        15.9

2. Pneumonia

          376

          329

         705

          7.5

3. Malignant Neoplasm

          224

          156

         380

          4.1

4. Diarrhea

          180

          139

         319

          3.4

5. Congenital anomalies

          137

          117

         254

          2.7

6. Other diseases of the nervous system

          135

            88

         223

          2.4

7. Meningitis

          117

            97

         214

          2.3

8. Dengue Hemmorhagic Fever

            90

          124

         214

          2.3

9. Symptoms, signs & abnormal clinical & laboratory findings

          120

            77

         197

          2.1

10. Endocrine, nutritional & metabolic diseases

          107

            89

         196

          2.1

 

 

Cause

10-14 Years

Male

Female

Both Sexes

Rate*

1. Accidents

           912

          432

      1,344

       15.3

2. Diseases of the heart

           219

          186

         405

         4.6

3. Pneumonia

           226

          172

         398

         4.5

4. Malignant neoplasm

           212

          184

         396

         4.5

5. Congenital Anomalies

           122

            85

         207

         2.4

6. Other Diseases of the nervous system

           111

            89

         200

         2.3

7. Symptoms, signs & abnormal clinical & laboratory findings, NEC

           119

            76

         195

         2.2

8. TB, all forms

             98

            88

         186

         2.1

9. Diarrhea

             94

            88

         182

         2.1

10. Meningitis

             99

            72

         171

         1.9

 

* rate per 100,000 population of corresponding age-group
Source: Philippine Health Statistics 2001 - 2010, DOH

Last Update: May 5, 2014