- Cause by Influenza virus (A, B or C)
Incubation Period 1-3 days
Mode of Transmission
Entry of the virus into the respiratory tract:
- via droplets from an infected person through coughing, talking and sneezing.
- through contact with the surfaces, material and clothing contaminated with discharges of an infected person.
Signs and Symptoms
- Fever of at least 38 C
- Runny nose, sore throat, cough or other respiratory manifestations
- May or may not have muscle or joint pains
- Use of antiviral agents within the first two days may halt the course of influenza illness. Consult your physician regarding antiviral agents.
- Paracetamol for fever. Aspirin should not be given to children.
- Antibiotics to be given only to complications of influenza such as pneumonia or otitis media.
- Adequate rest.
- Increase intake of oral fluids and eat nutritious foods.
- Influenza vaccination preferably to be given anytime from February to June.
- Provide separate room to a person sick with influenza.
- Cover mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing to prevent spread of the virus.
- Avoid crowded places. Distance yourself from at least meter from people who are coughing or are sick with influenza.
- Wash hands frequently with soap and water.