Infant Mortality Ten (10) Leading Causes

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INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 2010
Cause Number Rate Percent
1. Bacterial sepsis of newborn 3,608 2.0 16.1
2. Pneumonia 2,628 1.5 11.7
3. Respiratory distress of newborn 2,526 1.4 11.2
4. Congenital malformation of the heart 1,572 0.9 7.0
5. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified 1,487 0.8 6.6
6. Congenital pneumonia 1,095 0.6 4.9
7. Neonatal aspiration syndrome 1,079 0.6 4.8
8. Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia 950 0.5 4.2
9. Other congenital malformations 941 0.5 4.2
10. Diarrhea and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious 
origin
900 0.5

4.0

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 2009
Cause Number Rate Percent
1. Bacterial sepsis of newborn 3,082 1.8 14.2
2. Pneumonia 2,452 1.4 11.3
3. Respiratory distress of newborn 2,438 1.4 11.3
4. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth eight, 
not elsewhere classified
1,609 0.9 7.4
5. Congenital malformations of the heart 1,523 0.9 7.0
6. Congenital pneumonia 1,052 0.6 4.9
7. Neonatal aspiration syndrome 1,038 0.6 4.8
8. Diarrhea and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious 
origin
971 0.6 4.5
9. Other congenital malformations 940 0.5 4.3
10. Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia 883 0.5

4.1

 

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 2008
Cause Number Rate Percent
1. Bacterial sepsis of newborn 3,605 2.0 16.1
2. Respiratory distress of newborn 2,577 1.4 11.5
3. Pneumonia 2,348 1.3 10.5
4. Congenital malformations of the heart 1,579 0.9 7.1
5. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth eight, 
not elsewhere classified
1,541 0.9 6.9
6. Congenital pneumonia 1,311 0.7 5.9
7. Neonatal aspiration syndrome 1,082 0.6 4.8
8. Diarrhea and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious 
origin
937 0.5 4.2
9. Other congenital malformations 933 0.5 4.2
10. Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia 892 0.5

4.0

 

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 2007
Cause Number Rate Percent
1. Bacterial sepsis of newborn 3,506 2.0 16.1
2. Respiratory distress of newborn 2,434 1.4 11.2
3. Pneumonia 2,075 1.2 9.6
4. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified 1,816 1.0 8.4
5. Congenital malformations of the heart 1,435 0.8 6.6
6. Congenital pneumonia 1,117 0.6 5.1
7. Neonatal aspiration syndrome 1,071 0.6 4.9
8. Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia 1,008 0.6 4.6
9. Other congenital malformations 960 0.5 4.4
10.Diarrhea and gastro-enterities of presumed infectious origin 908 0.5 4.2

 

 

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 2006
Cause Number Rate Percent
1. Bacterial sepsis of newborn   3,194 1.9 14.7
2. Respiratory distress of newborn 2,400 1.4 11.0
3. Pneumonia   1,947 1.2 8.9
4. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified 1,608 1.0 7.4
5. Congenital malfromations of the heart 1,409 0.8 6.5
6. Congenital pneumonia 1,290 0.8 5.9
7. Neonatal aspiration syndromes 1,145 0.7 5.3
8. Other congenital malformation 1,046 0.6 4.8
9. Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia 1,005 0.6 4.6
10.Diarrhea and gastro-enterities of presumed infectious origin 984 0.6 4.5

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 2005
Cause Number Rate Percent
1. Bacterial sepsis of newborn 3,161 1.9 14.6
2. Respiratory distress of newborn 2,298 1.4 10.6
3. Pneumonia 2,013 1.2 9.3
4. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified 1,610 1 7.4
5. Congenital Pneumonia 1,510 0.9 7
6. Congenital malformation of the heart 1,444 0.9 6.7
7. Neonatal aspiration syndrome 1,146 0.7 5.3
8. Other congenital malformation 1,012 0.6 4.7
9. Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia 971 0.6 4.5
10.Diarrhea and gastro-enterities of presumed infectious origin 900 0.5 4.2

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 2004
Cause Number Rate Percent
1. Bacterial sepsis of newborn 3,402 2 15.1
2. Respiratory distress of newborn 2,500 1.5 11.1
3. Pneumonia 1,940 1.1 8.6
4. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified 1,750 1 7.8
5. Congenital Pneumonia 1,501 0.9 6.7
6. Congenital malformation of the heart 1,451 0.8 6.4
7. Neonatal aspiration syndrome 1,256 0.7 5.6
8. Other congenital malformation 1,082 0.6 4.8
9. Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia 1,030 0.6 4.6
10.Diarrhea and gastro-enterities of presumed infectious origin 914 0.5 4.1

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 2003
Cause Number Rate Percent
1. Other perinatal conditions 9,695 5.8 42.4
2. Pneumonia 2,314 1.4 10.1
3. Bacterial sepsis of newborn 1,439 0.9 6.3
4. Congenital malformation of the heart 1,127 0.7 4.9
5. Diarrhea and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin 984 0.6 4.3
6. Congenital Pneumonia 783 0.5 3.4
7. Other congenital malformation 550 0.3 2
8. Respiratory distress of newborn 462 0.3 2
9. Neonatal aspiration syndromes 440 0.3 1.9
10. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight 433 0.3 1.9

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 2002
Cause Number Rate Percent
1. Other perinatal conditions 10,181 6.1 42.8
2.Pneumonia 2,700 1.6 11.4
3. Bacterial sepsis of newborn 1,203 0.7 5.1
4. Diarrhea and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin 1,202 0.7 5.1
5. Congenital malformation of the heart 1,123 0.7 4.7
6. Congenital Pneumonia 713 0.4 3
7. Other congenital malformation 504 0.3 2.1
8. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight 503 0.3 2.1
9. Septicemia 437 0.3 1.8
10. Measles 417 0.3 1.8

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES

NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION

Philippines, 2001
Cause 2001
Number Rate Percent
1. Other Perinatal Conditions 10,922 6.4 41.8
2. Pneumonia 3,089 1.8 11.8
3. Bacterial Sepsis of Newborn 1,311 0.8 5.0
4. Diarrhea and Gastroenteritis of Presumed Infectious Origin 1,263 0.7 4.8
5. Congenital Malformations of the
Heart
1,099 0.6 4.2
6. Congenital Pneumonia 1,050 0.6 4.0
7. Disorders related to short gestation and Low Birth Weight 560 0.3 2.1
8. Measles 553 0.3 2.1
9. Other congenital malformations 490 0.3 1.9
10. Neonatal Aspiration Syndromes 465 0.3 1.8

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 2000
Cause Number Rate Percent
1. Pneumonia 3,463 2 13.8
2. Bacterial sepsis of new born 3,174 1.8 12.6
3. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight note elsewhere classified 2,569 1.5 10.2
4. Respiratory distress of new born 2,446 1.4 9.7
5. Other perinatal condition 2,347 1.3 9.3
6. Congenital malformations of the heart 1.596 0.9 6.3
7. Congenital pneumonia 1,359 0.8 5.4
8. Diarrhea and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin 1,207 0.7 4.8
9. Other congenital malformations 1,156 0.7 4.6
10. Neonatal aspiraton syndrome 1,063 0.6 4.2

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1999
Cause Number Rate Percent
1. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus and Newborn 4,597 2.8 18.3
2. Pneumonias 3,716 2.3 14.8
3. Congenital Anomalies 2,897 1.8 11.5
4. Diarrheal Diseases 1,003 0.6 4
5. Birth Injury & Difficult Labor 862 0.5 3.4
6. Septicemia 812 0.5 3.2
7. Avitaminoses and other Nutritional Deficiency 352 0.2 1.4
8. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome 298 0.2 1.2
9. Other Diseases of Respiratory SYstem 289 0.2 1.1
10. Measles 241 0.1 1

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1998
CAUSES 1998
Number Rate Percent
1. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
5,715 3.5 20.3
2. Pneumonia 4,630 2.8 16.4
3. Congenital Anomalies 3,168 1.9 11.2
4. Birth Injury & Difficult Labor 1,512 0.9 5.4
5. Diarrheal Diseases 1,483 0.9 5.3
6. Septicemia 1,035 0.6 3.7
7. Meningitis 462 0.3 1.6
8. Other Diseases of Respiratory
System
441 0.3 1.6
9. Avitaminoses & Other Nutritional Deficiency 366 0.2 1.3
10. Measles 255 0.2 0.9

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1997
CAUSES 1997
Number Rate Percent
1. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
5,514 3.3 19.7
2. Pneumonia 4,703 2.8 16.8
3. Congenital Anomalies 3,004 1.8 10.7
4. Birth Injury & Difficult Labor 1,514 0.9 5.4
5. Diarrheal Diseases 1,105 0.7 3.9
6. Septicemia 857 0.5 3.1
7. Measles 432 0.3 1.5
8. Meningitis 417 0.3 1.5
9. Other Diseases of Respiratory
System
385 0.2 1.4
10. Avitaminoses & Other Nutritional Deficiency 339 0.2 1.2

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1996
CAUSES 1996
Number Rate Percent
1. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
5,720 3.6 18.7
2. Pneumonia 5,705 3.5 18.7
3. Congenital Anomalies 2,799 1.7 9.2
4. Diarrheal Diseases  1,554 1.0 5.1
5. Birth Injury & Difficult Labor 1,467 0.9 4.8
6. Septicemia 840 0.5 2.7
7. Measles 713 0.4 2.3
8. Meningitis 498 0.3 1.6
9. Other Diseases of Respiratory
System
458 0.3 1.5
10. Avitaminoses & Other Nutritional Deficiency 430 0.3 1.4

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1995
CAUSES 1995
Number Rate Percent
1. Pneumonia 6,283 3.8 20.5
2. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
5,451 3.3 17.8
3. Congenital Anomalies 4,002 2.4 13.1
4. Birth Injury & Difficult Labor 1,716 1.0 5.6
5. Diarrheal Diseases 1,444 0.9 4.7
6. Septicemia 939 0.6 3.1
7. Meningitis 471 0.3 1.5
8. Avitaminoses & Other Nutritional
Deficiency
422 0.3 1.4
9. Other Diseases of Respiratory
System
398 0.2 1.3
10. Measles 338 0.2 1.1

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1994
CAUSES 1994
Number Rate Percent
1. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
5,854 3.6 18.8
2. Pneumonia 5,681 3.5 18.3
3. Congenital Anomalies 2,890 1.8 9.3
4. Diarrheal Diseases  1,927 1.2 6.2
5. Birth Injury & Difficult Labor 1,690 1.0 5.4
6. Septicemia 844 0.5 2.7
7. Meningitis 533 0.3 1.7
8. Avitaminoses & Other Nutritional
Deficiency
530 0.3 1.7
9. Other Diseases of Respiratory
System
439 0.3 1.4
10. Measles 348 0.2 1.1

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1993
CAUSES 1993
Number Rate Percent
1. Pneumonia 7,631 4.5 22.0
2. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
5,651 3.4 16.3
3. Congenital Anomalies 2,366 1.4 6.8
4. Diarrheal Diseases  1,661 1.0 4.8
5. Septicemia 1,252 0.7 3.6
6. Birth Injury & Difficult Labor 1,190 0.7 3.4
7. Avitaminoses & Other Nutritional
Deficiency
925 0.6 2.7
8. Measles 765 0.5 2.2
9. Goiter Thyroxicosis Hypohyroidism & Other Endoctrine & Metabolic Diseases 661 0.4 1.9
10. Other Diseases of Respiratory
System
591 0.4 1.7

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1992
CAUSES 1992
Number Rate Percent
1. Pneumonia 9,188 5.5 25.0
2. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
5,509 3.3 15.0
3. Congenital Anomalies 1,981 1.2 5.4
4. Diarrheal Diseases 1,482 0.9 5.0
5. Septicemia 1,441 0.9 3.9
6. Birth Injury and Difficult Labor 1,141 0.7 3.1
7. Avitaminosis & Other Nutritional
Deficiency
1,009 0.6 2.7
8. Goiter Thyroxicosis Hypohyroidism & Other Endoctrine & Metabolic Diseases 883 0.5 2.4
9. Measles 819 0.5 2.2
10. Diseases of Pulmonary Circulation 757 0.4 2.1

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1991
CAUSES 1991
Number Rate Percent
1. Pneumonia 8,149 5.0 17.5
2. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
4,973 3.0 10.7
3. Congenital Anomalies 2,010 1.2 4.3
4. Septicemia 1,556 0.9 3.3
5. Diarrheal Diseases  1,270 0.8 2.7
6. Avitaminosis & Other Nutritional
Deficiency
956 0.6 2.1
7. Birth Injury and Difficult Labor 862 0.5 1.9
8. Goiter Thyroxicosis Hypohyroidism & Other Endoctrine & Metabolic Diseases 740 0.5 1.6
9. Diseases of Pulmonary Circulation 737 0.4 1.6
10. Measles 501 0.3 1.1

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1990
CAUSES 1990
Number Rate Percent
1. Pneumonia 9,383 5.8 23.7
2. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
5,985 3.7 15.1
3. Congenital Anomalies 2,063 1.3 5.2
4. Diarrheal Diseases  1,838 1.1 4.6
5. Septicemia 1,532 0.9 3.9
6. Avitaminosis & Other Nutritional
Deficiency
1,201 0.7 3.0
7. Birth Injury and Difficult Labor 1,093 0.7 2.8
8. Measles 729 0.4 1.8
9. Meningitis 517 0.3 1.3
10. Acute Bronchitis and Bronchiolitis 414 0.3 1.0

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1989
CAUSES 1989
Number Rate Percent
1. Pneumonia 11,173 7.1 26.0
2. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
6,278 4.0 14.6
3. Diarrheal Diseases 2,150 1.4 5.0
4. Congenital Anomalies 2,100 1.3 4.9
5. Avitaminosis & Other Nutritional
Deficiency
1,346 0.9 3.1
6. Measles  1,256 0.8 2.9
7. Birth Injury and Difficult Labor 1,222 0.8 2.8
8. Septicemia 1,193 0.8 2.8
9. Meningitis 566 0.4 1.3
10. Acute Bronchitis and Bronchiolitis 449 0.3 1.0

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1988
CAUSES 1988
Number Rate Percent
1. Pneumonia 12,597 8.0 26.7
2. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
6,374 4.1 13.5
3. Diarrheal Diseases 3,112 2.0 6.6
4. Congenital Anomalies 2,288 1.5 4.8
5. Avitaminosis & Other Nutritional
Deficiency
1,610 1.0 3.4
6. Birth Injury and Difficult Labor 1,564 1.0 3.3
7. Measles 1,547 1.0 3.3
8. Septicemia 1,182 0.8 2.5
9. Acute Bronchitis and Bronchiolitis 656 0.4 1.4
10. Meningitis 649 0.4 1.4

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1987
CAUSES 1987
Number Rate Percent
1. Pneumonia 13,380 8.5 26.3
2. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
7,256 4.6 14.3
3. Diarrheal Diseases 3,232 2.1 6.4
4. Measles 2,355 1.5 4.6
5. Congenital Anomalies 2,250 1.4 4.4
6. Avitaminosis & Other Nutritional
Deficiency
1,721 1.1 3.4
7. Birth Injury and Difficult Labor 1,393 0.9 2.7
8. Septicemia 1,023 0.6 2.0
9. Acute Bronchitis and Bronchiolitis 765 0.5 1.5
10. Meningitis 603 0.4 1.2

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1986
CAUSES 1986
Number Rate Percent
1. Pneumonia 14,497 9.7 27.7
2. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
6,497 4.3 12.4
3. Diarrheal Diseases 3,326 2.2 6.4
4. Avitaminosis & Other Nutritional
Deficiency
2,397 1.6 4.6
5. Congenital Anomalies 2,166 1.4 4.1
6. Measles 1,280 0.9 2.4
7. Birth Injury and Difficult Labor 1,268 0.8 2.4
8. Septicemia 1,156 0.8 2.2
9. Acute Bronchitis and Bronchiolitis 903 0.6 1.7
10. Meningitis 632 0.4 1.2

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1985
CAUSES 1985
Number Rate Percent
1. Pneumonia 14,963 10.4 27.4
2. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
6,870 4.9 12.6
3. Diarrheas 3,867 2.7 7.1
4. Avitaminosis & Other Nutritional
Deficiency
2,568 1.8 4.7
5. Congenital Anomalies 2,359 1.6 4.3
6. Measles 1,651 1.1 3.0
7. Birth Injury and Difficult Labor 1,311 0.9 2.4
8. Septicemia 1,176 0.8 2.2
9. Acute Bronchitis and Bronchiolitis 988 0.7 1.8
10. Meningitis 662 0.5 1.2

 

INFANT MORTALITY: TEN (10) LEADING CAUSES
NUMBER AND RATE/per 1000 live births AND PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
Philippines, 1984
CAUSES 1984
Number Rate Percent
1. Pneumonia 14,053 9.5 24.7
2. Respiratory Conditions of Fetus
& Newborn
7,658 5.2 13.5
3. Diarrheas 4,377 3.0 7.7
4. Congenital Anomalies 2,458 1.7 4.3
5. Avitaminosis & Other Nutritional
Deficiency
2,432 1.6 4.3
6. Measles 1,851 1.3 3.3
7. Birth Injury and Difficult Labor 1,576 1.1 2.8
8. Septicemia 1,020 0.7 1.8
9. Acute Bronchitis and Bronchiolitis 781 0.5 1.4
10. Meningitis 716 0.5 1.3

Source: Philippine Health Statistics 1984 - 2010, DOH

Last Update: May 5, 2014