Smoking Cessation Program

PrintPrintEmailEmailPDFPDF

 

Rationale:

The use of tobacco continues to be a major cause of health problems worldwide. There is currently an estimated 1.3 billion smokers in the world, with 4.9 million people dying because of tobacco use in a year.  If this trend continues, the number of deaths will increase to 10 million by the year 2020, 70% of which will be coming from countries like the Philippines. (The Role of Health Professionals in Tobacco Control, WHO, 2005)

The World Health Organization released a document in 2003 entitled Policy Recommendations for Smoking Cessation and Treatment of Tobacco Dependence. This document very clearly stated that as current statistics indicate, it will not be possible to reduce tobacco related deaths over the next 30-50 years unless adult smokers are encouraged to quit.  Also, because of the addictiveness of tobacco products, many tobacco users will need support in quitting.  Population survey reports showed that approximately one third of smokers attempt to quit each year and that majority of these attempts are undertaken without help.  However, only a small percentage of cigarette smokers (1-3%) achieve lasting abstinence, which is at least 12 months of abstinence from smoking, using will power alone  (Fiore et al 2000) as cited by the above policy paper.

The policy paper also stated that support for smoking cessation or “treatment of tobacco dependence” refers to a range of techniques including motivation, advise and guidance, counseling, telephone and internet support, and appropriate pharmaceutical aids all of which aim to encourage and help tobacco users to stop using tobacco and to avoid subsequent relapse.  Evidence has shown that cessation is the only intervention with the potential to reduce tobacco-related mortality in the short and medium term and therefore should be part of an overall comprehensive tobacco-control policy of any country.

The Philippine Global Adult Tobacco Survey conducted in 2009 (DOH, Philippines GATS Country Report, March 16, 2010) revealed that 28.3% (17.3 million) of the population aged 15 years old and over currently smoke tobacco, 47.7% (14.6 million) of whom are men, while 9.0% (2.8 million) are women.  Eighty percent of these current smokers are daily smokers with men and women smoking an average of 11.3 and 7 sticks of cigarettes per day respectively.

The survey also revealed that among ever daily smokers, 21.5% have quit smoking.  Among those who smoked in the last 12 months, 47.8% made a quit attempt, 12.3% stated they used counseling and or advise as their cessation method, but only 4.5% successfully quit.  Among current cigarette smokers, 60.6% stated they are interested in quitting, translating to around 10 million Filipinos needing help to quit smoking as of the moment. The above scenario dictates the great need to build the capacity of health workers to help smokers quit smoking, thus the need for the Department of Health to set up a national infrastructure to help smokers quit smoking.

The national smoking infrastructure is mandated by the Tobacco Regulations Act which orders the Department of Health to set up withdrawal clinics. As such DOH Administrative Order No. 122 s. 2003 titled The Smoking Cessation Program to support the National Tobacco Control and Healthy Lifestyle Program allowed the setting up of the National Smoking Cessation Program.

Vision:                 Reduced prevalence of smoking and minimizing smoking-related health risks.

Mission:            To establish a national smoking cessation program (NSCP).

 

Objectives:

The program aims to:

1.       Promote and advocate smoking cessation in the Philippines; and

2.       Provide smoking cessation services to current smokers interested in quitting the habit.

 

Program Components:

The NSCP shall have the following components:

1.       Training

The NSCP training committee shall define, review, and regularly recommend training programs that are consistent with the good clinical practices approved by specialty associations and the in line with the rules and regulations of the DOH.

All DOH health personnel, local government units (LGUs), selected schools, industrial and other government health practitioners must be trained on the policies and guidelines on smoking cessation.

 

2.       Advocacy

A smoke-free environment (SFE) shall be maintained in DOH and participating non-DOH facilities, offices, attached agencies, and retained hospitals. DOH officials, staff, and employees, together with the officials of participating non-DOH offices, shall participate in the observance and celebration of the World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) every 31st of May and the World No Tobacco Month every June.

3.       Health Education

Through health education, smokers shall be assisted to quit their habit and their immediate family members shall be empowered to assist and facilitate the smoking cessation process.

4.       Smoking Cessation Services

Below is the National Smoking Cessation Framework detailing Smoking Cessation services at different levels of care:

LEVEL OF CARE STAFFING Intervention Package DRUGS/MEDS EQUIPMENTS
PRIMARY LEVEL
I. Barangay Health Station 
BHW
RM
  • Risk assessment/ Risk screening (Note: Use Risk Assessment Form)
  • Assess for Tobacco Use
  • If smoker, do Brief Intervension Advice (5 A's) See Attached Protocol
  • If non-smoker, Congratulate and advice continue Healthy Lifestyle activity
None
  • Risk Assessment Tool
  • Quit Contract

  • Referral Form

PRIMARY LEVEL

II. RHU

 

SECONDARY LEVEL

 

 

TERTIARY LEVEL

Above Plus

Nurses Doctors and other health personnel

Above Plus

  • Quit Clinic

(Use DOH Protocol or other suggested protocols e.g. Motivational Interview, SDA Protocol, etc. as available)

  • DOH Protocol provides:
  • Assessment of client's Smoking History, Current Smoking Status and Readiness to stop smoking
  • Planning for clients Readiness to stop smoking
  • Quit day: Pharmacologic, Psychological and Behavioral Interventions

- Identifying and address triggers for going back into smoking

- Dealing with cravings to smoke

- Managing withdrawal syndromes

  • Monitoring and Prevention of Relapse

Quit Lines

 

  • Use of Nicotine Replacement therapy particularly Nicotine patch and Nicotine Gum is advocated

Patient Assessment Tool:

  • Stages of change
  • WHO Mental Health Checklist
  • Motivation and Confidence to quit
  • Smoking History and Current Smoking Status
  • Self-test for reason for smoking (Horn's Smoker's Selt-test)
  • Fagerstrom Nicotine Dependencetest
  • Self-test on Readiness to stop smoking
  • Previous attempts to stop smoking

Form: 

  • Quit Contract

 

 

5. Research and Development

Research and development activities are to be conducted to better understand the nature of nicotine dependence among Filipinos and to undertake new pharmacological approaches. 

 

 

Partner Organizations:

The following institutions take part in achieving the goals of the program:

      LUNG CENTER OF THE PHILIPPINES

 Contact Number: 924-9204

 

PHILIPPINE COLLEGE OF CHEST PHYSICIAN

Contact Number:924-6101 to 20

 

              PHILIPPINE GENERAL HOSPITAL               

Contact Number:  554-8400 

 

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

Contact Number338-7478/ 338-7479

 

PHILIPPINE ACADEMY OF FAMILY PHYSICIANS 

Contact Number: 844-2135 / 889-8053

 

PHILIPPINE MEDICAL ASSOCIATION

Contact Number: 929-6366

 

FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON TOBACCO CONTROL     

Contact Number: 468- 7222

 

PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

Contact Number: 453-8257

 

SEVENTH DAY ADVENTIST

Contact Number: 526-9870/ 526-9871/  536-1080

 

PHILIPPINE AMBULATORY PEDIATRIC ASSOCIATION          

Contact Number:525-1797

 

 PHILIPPINE PSYCHIATRIC ASSOCIATION 

 Contact Number: 635-9858

 

METROPOLITAN MANILA DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

Contact Number: 882-4151

 

Department of Health-National Center for Disease Prevention and Control (DOH-NCDPC)

DEGENERATIVE DISEASE OFFICE

Contact Number: 651-78-00 local 1750-1751 and 732-2493

Program Coordinator:

Ms. Frances Prescilla Cuevas

e-mail address:prescyncd@gmail.com, prescyncd@yahoo.com 

Smoking Cessation Councilors:

Dr. Franklin Diza
Ms. Frances Prescilla Cuevas
Ms. Remedios Guerrero
    e-mail address: jing_s_guerrero@yahoo.com

 

NOTE: If you need help to quit call 732-2493 for an appointment.